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altnoidcover copy

What is an Altnoid?

A new term is taking the cannabis industry by storm: “altnoid.” These new compounds are shaking up the market as an alternative to the well-trodden path of traditional cannabinoids. But what exactly is an altnoid, and how do they fit into the current landscape alongside mainstream cannabis?

In this article, we’ll unravel the mystery of the altnoid and its place in the market.

Understanding Altnoids

Altnoid is a term not yet widely recognized but gaining traction. It refers to alternative cannabinoids that are either newly discovered or less common than their famous counterparts such as CBD and THC.

These compounds are getting more notoriety thanks to a loophole in the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp products containing less than 0.3% delta-9-THC. Altnoids are considered new and unusual with not a lot yet known about the effects and potential risks.

These compounds are distinct from the traditional cannabinoids yet users believe they offer comparable effects. Some users look to altnoids as offering a different spectrum of experiences to explore beyond the usual offerings.

 

Hemp-based product packaging on a table - elsa olofsson QV9O5swYclI unsplash
Hemp-derived altnoids are not regulated like legal cannabis.

The Risks of Altnoids

The primary concern of altnoid critics is safety. Some of these novel cannabinoids are either found in very low percentages in hemp and/or require a chemical process to convert or boost them to an effective potency. Making things more complicated, these products don’t fall under the same scrutiny as legal, regulated cannabis.

Delta-8 THC for example, is found in very low quantities naturally. Most products that contain Delta-8 are made from chemically synthesized CBD. Not a lot is known about long-term health risks associated with low-quality, untested Delta 8.

A fictional diagram of cannabinoids and altnoid molecules with cannabis leaves.
Cannabis produces numerous cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids & Altnoids

Below is a glossary of the major cannabinoids and hemp-derived alternative cannabinoids (altnoids).

CBD

Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that occurs naturally in cannabis and hemp. Users report CBD to have a wide variety of potential health benefits.

CBN

Cannabinol is another non-psychoactive cannabinoid. CBN forms naturally when THC breaks down over time.  Users report that CBN has strong sedative effects.

Delta 8

As mentioned above, Delta 8 only occurs naturally small amounts. Its less potent than traditional THC but is still psychoactive.

Delta 9

The most abundant cannabinoid. When you smoke or vaporize cannabis, THCa (Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) converts mainly into Delta-9 THC.

Delta 10

Like Delta 8, Delta 10 is natural but only found in trace amounts. It is less potent than Delta 9 but can still produce psychoactive effects.

HHC

HHC (hexahydrocannabinol) is lab-synthesized hydrogenated THC.

HHCO

A derivative of HHC, with stronger effects than regular HHC. To create HHC-O, naturally occurring HHC undergoes an additional chemical process.

THCO

THCO (O-acetyl-THC) is a non-natural cannabinoid. Many users consider it to be stronger than THC, with some reporting psychedelic effects.

THCP

THCP (Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabiphorol) is a naturally occuring compound known for its potency. Companies have to synthesize THC-P from CBD because its only found in trace amounts.

THCV

THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) is unlike any other cannabinoids. It occurs naturally but needs additional extraction to reach high enough potency to be effective. Users report that it gives a caffeine-like boost to energy and suppresses appetite.

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The legal landscape of altnoids is still unclear but regulations may be coming soon.

The Legal Landscape of Altnoids

One of the driving forces behind the popularity of altnoids like HHC and Delta-10 THC is their legal status. These compounds occupy a gray area of the market that allows for wide accessibility.

These cannabinoids are not explicitly illegal under federal law which is a key factor in their growing presence on the market. It should be noted that while these products may be available for sale, possession of these products could potentially result in legal consequences.

The following states have banned hemp-derived altnoids:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Delaware
  • Idaho
  • Iowa
  • Mississippi
  • Montana
  • North Dakota
  • Rhode Island
  • Washington

The following states regulate the sale of hemp-derived altnoids:

  • Minnesota
  • Louisiana
  • Kentucky
  • South Dakota
  • Virginia
  • Vermont
  • Florida
  • Tennessee
  • Connecticut
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Nevada
  • Oregon
  • Utah
  • New York

Always check and comply with local laws and regulations regarding the sale and possession of any hemp-derived product.

Final Thoughts

Altnoids represent an interesting new development in the cannabis market. But, as with any new product, research is key to understanding the full risks and potential of altnoids. With each new study and clinical trial, we should come closer to understanding the properties, benefits, and the role they could play in the future of the cannabis market.

Sources:

Chemistry, Metabolism, and Toxicology of Cannabis

What Is THC-O Acetate, And Why Is It Getting Attention?

A novel phytocannabinoid isolated from Cannabis sativa

Is Delta 8 legal? A state-by-state guide

General Cannabis FAQ

Cannabis, often referred to as marijuana, is a plant that has been used for thousands of years for various purposes, including medicine, textiles, and recreation. The plant contains compounds known as cannabinoids, with delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) being the most well-known. THC is primarily responsible for the plant’s psychoactive effects, while CBD is recognized for its potential therapeutic benefits without causing a “high.”

Many countries and U.S. states have decriminalized or legalized the use of marijuana for medical use, recreational, or both. The legal status changes frequently as legislation evolves.

In the U.S., states vote to regulate marijuana use on an individual basis. While it remains illegal at the federal level, numerous states have legalized it for medicinal and/or recreational use.

The following states have legalized medical, recreational, or both:

  • Alaska – Medical
  • Arizona – Legal
  • Arkansas – Medical
  • California – Legal
  • Colorado – Legal
  • Connecticut – Legal
  • Delaware – Legal
  • District of Columbia – Legal
  • Florida – Medical
  • Hawaii – Medical (Possession decriminalized for small amounts)
  • Illinois – Legal
  • Louisiana – Medical (Possession decriminalized for small amounts)
  • Maine – Legal
  • Maryland – Legal
  • Massachusetts – Legal
  • Michigan – Legal
  • Minnesota – Legal
  • Mississippi – Medical (Possession decriminalized for small amounts)
  • Missouri – Legal
  • Montana – Legal
  • Nevada – Legal
  • New Hampshire – Medical (Possession decriminalized for small amounts)
  • New Jersey – Legal
  • New Mexico – Legal
  • New York – Legal
  • North Dakota – Medical (Possession decriminalized for small amounts)
  • Ohio – Medical (Possession decriminalized)
  • Oklahoma – Medical
  • Oregon – Legal
  • Pennsylvania – Medical
  • Rhode Island – Legal
  • South Dakota – Medical
  • Utah – Medical
  • Vermont – Legal
  • Virginia – Legal
  • Washington – Legal
  • West Virginia – Medical

 

Outside of the U.S., countries like The Netherlands, Canada, and, more recently, Thailand have legalized cannabis on a national level.

Always check local laws and regulations in your specific location.

In states where marijuana has been legalized, you can purchase products at licensed dispensaries. Revolution products are available at Enlightened, Revolution, and partner dispensaries in Illinois, Arkansas, Missouri, and Maryland. Find a dispensary near you.

Keep in mind that dispensaries may cater to medical patients, recreational consumers, or both, depending on local laws.

Always ensure that you are buying from a reputable and licensed establishment to guarantee product quality and safety.

The effects of cannabis vary widely depending on the strain, dosage, method of consumption, an individual’s endocannabinoid system, and more.

Some commonly reported effects include:

Psychoactive Effects: Euphoria, mood elevation, cerebral stimulation, stress relief, calming effects, and relaxation.

Physical Effects: Pain relief, body buzz, anti-inflammation, anti-nausea, energy boost or sedation, and appetite stimulation

*Medical Benefits: Cannabis is believed to have a range of therapeutic effects and alleviation of symptoms related to conditions like epilepsy, PTSD, and more.

*Marijuana is not approved by the FDA to treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

The primary difference lies in their intended use:

Medical Cannabis: Used as a treatment and alleviation of symptoms for specific health conditions. Medical strains might be cultivated and processed to have higher CBD content or other therapeutic compounds. Medical cannabis requires a physician who usually prescribes or recommends it as a treatment option.

Recreational Cannabis: Used without a medical justification but for personal enjoyment and fulfillment.

The process varies from state to state but typically involves the following steps:

Doctor’s Recommendation: Schedule an appointment with a physician who is authorized to recommend medical marijuana. Discuss your health conditions and reasons for seeking cannabis as a treatment.

Application: Once you have a doctor’s recommendation, you’ll usually need to apply for a medical marijuana card through a designated state or country agency.

Proof & Identification: Provide necessary identification and proof of residency as required by your jurisdiction.

Fee Payment: Most jurisdictions require a fee for the application and issuance of a medical marijuana card.

Card Issuance: Once approved, you will receive your medical marijuana card, allowing you to purchase cannabis at designated medical dispensaries.

If you’d like more detailed information, please read our state-specific medical card guide here.